The Lectures Begin…

On Tuesday (28th November) the lecture series began, giving us all an insight into research practices. The initial introduction by lecturer Chloe Twells covered the types of research:

‘Everyday’ Research:
personal/common sense/intuition
casual
unstructured

‘Scholarly’ Research:
theory based
very structured
systematic
logic

– What is my work about etc. etc.
– Sources of literature & reviews
– Design the means of investigation
– Collect data
– Making a ‘Cultural Purchase’ each time you look at something
– Analyze you’re findings

All of this evidence should then be captured and collated into a written document of c2000 words.

‘Cultural Theory’ _ target audience
‘Social Theory’
‘Artistic Production’ _ why does it work in a particular way?
The meanings generated by ‘Cultural Artifacts’

‘RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES’

‘Phenomenology’ (Marxism & Feminism)

The Philosophy of Hegel (1807) – currently on order to read
‘Phenomena from the viewpoint of the experiencing person.’
‘Every act of consciousness is said to be intentional.’

‘The Poetics of Space’ by Gaston Bachelard – currently on order to read

‘Being in Time’ by Heidegger
‘The Hermeneutic Circle’ – “The whole is reflected in the parts, just as together the parts disclose the whole.”

‘Aesthetic Theory’ by Theodore Adorno
‘One-Dimensional Man’ by Herbert Marcuse
‘By Himself, Designs and Writings’ by William Morris – currently on order to read

‘The Communist Manifesto’ by Karl Marx & Frederich Engels (Penguin 1848) pp 12-18
“Owing to the extensive use of machinery and to division of labour, the work of the proletarians has lost all individual character, and, consequently, all charm for the workman. He becomes an appendage of the machine, and it is only the most simple, most monotonous, and most easily acquired knack, that is required of him. Hence, the cost of production of a workman is restricted, almost entirely, to the means of subsistence that he requires for his maintenance, and for the propagation of his race. But the price of a commodity, and therefore also of labour, is equal to its cost of production. In proportion therefore, as the repulsiveness of the work increases, the wage decrease.” — How true this sadly still is, 158 years on, and it’s still happening. In the industry of illustration for example the introduction of computers in the mid/late 80’s as a mainstream tool for completing artwork has led to many changes not all for the better, which as a result has led to fees decreasing rather than increasing. During a conversation with my agent yesterday, I was informed that there are illustrators accepting jobs for the same pay as they would have received in the mid 1970’s. It really is time to make a stand and simply not accept these commissions, thereby forcing the tight fisted art directors to use stock illustration (another sore subject, but one we are going to have to live with) or clip art!!!! – Right I’ll get off my soapbox now.

‘Preface to the English Edition’ of 1888 pp 61-67

‘The Essential Marx by Paul Strathern (Ted Smart 2002) pp 42-46 & pp50-54
“Religion is simultaneously an expression of genuine suffering and a protest against this suffering. Religion is the sigh of oppressed creatures, it is feeling amidst a feelingless world, the soul of our soulless condition. It is the opium of the people.” (Towards a critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right.)
“From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs’ (Critique of the Gotha Program.)

I’m not too sure yet where this is taking me, but I’m sure as I progress it will fall into place…

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